In recent times, Accurate Armour
has been more well-known for their British-related subjects. This conversion therefore came as something of a surprise - a somewhat esoteric Danish version of a well-known European main battle tank.
The Danish Army ordered fifty-one second-hand Leopard 2A4s from the German Army in 1997. These would be upgraded to 2A5 standard by the manufacturers, Krauss-Maffei in Munich. Lessons learnt from operating Leopard 1A5DK and 1A5DK1 with UNPROFOR, SFOR/ IFOR and KFOR were to be incorporated into the build, plus the addition of extra protection. Major additions not available with the original 2A5 were an auxiliary power unit in the hull and an air-conditioning unit on the turret rear. The vehicle entered service in 2002. The conversion list below lists the differences.
Some of you may be asking why this conversion has been done when there is an off-the-shelf model of the Danish Leopard 2A5DK available. This particular model was released by Hobby Boss
in 2007 alongside their Swedish Strv 122. These were the first of many Leopard 2s released by Hobby Boss
and were eagerly anticipated. When they arrived, there was a collective sigh of disappointment. They appeared to be very poor copies of Tamiya
's Leopard 2A5, which is still the standard for all Leopard 2 models. How Hobby Boss
got them so wrong, if they had this standard model to work from/copy, is anyone's guess! Though they did improve with age, subsequent Hobby Boss
Leo 2s have all been generally poorly engineered, under-researched or just plain wrong like their hopeless Spanish Leo2E rendition. I've complained enough about Hobby Boss
Leo 2 kits over the years, so let's get back to the point.
Thomas Antonsen is the man who drove this project, and Thomas is the author of The Danish Leopard 2A5 reviewed by Dan Hay here HERE
Live links. He probably knows more about the subject than anyone, he approached Accurate Armour
at the beginning of 2014, and they took up the challenge to improve on the Hobby Boss
had the choice of either changing the incorrect components on the Hobby Boss
kit which is basically a poor kit anyway, or doing a full conversion based on the excellent Tamiya Leopard 2A5 kit. They have chosen BOTH routes! Kudos to Accurate Armour
The list of parts needed to modify the basic 2A5 to the Danish version is surprisingly large. The items in brackets are NOT included in the Hobby Boss
conversion as they exist in the original kit. Apart from these, the two conversions are identical:
- (Add-on armour for the hull front - lower nose and glacis plate - plus new mudguards)
- Rectangular headlights
- Auxiliary Power Unit mounted in the right-rear hull
- Additional turret boxes (one of which is an air-conditioning unit) with mounts for trackpads or grousers
- Co-axial Setbeam searchlight mounted on the mantlet
- Storage box for C8 carbine in front of the commander's hatch
- Armoured covers around the commander's main sight
- Quick-release/ready mounts for two C8 carbines next to the loader's hatch on the turret roof
- New 6 2 smoke discharger system on the turret sides
- Different antenna fit
- Different system for mounting tools on the rear deck
- Tools relocated due to the APU (On the rear plate, rectangular doors covering automatic ventilation doors replaced by oval bolt-on covers).
These modifications represent the 2A5DK as it entered service. Many more small modifications have since been introduced, but the parts in the conversion represent a typical 2A5DK that has been in service for the last 13 years or so. You can read about some of the mods in two of Leopard Club's Leopardfibel articles - L both built by Bernd Zaeske. LF15 Skirted Leopard
Live links LF16 Desert Leopard
Live links both built by Bernd Zaeske.
The biggest difference in the two conversions is that the hull and rear turret of the Tamiya kit has to be cut to accept the APU and turret boxes, respectively. The Hobby Boss
kit already has these - though poorly detailed - so they just need to be swapped out. Also, the HB kit has the frontal armour included in the kit - which is surprisingly accurate and therefore totally usable. The biggest drawback of the HB kit, as far as the Danish version is concerned, are the turret boxes which are too small and not very accurately detailed. Here are some comparison photos - AA in green and Hb in light grey.
The instructions are in the form of a simple 8-page A5 booklet in colour. They take you through the basic steps with instructions of how to deal with the base kit on pages 6/7.
The conversion starts at the rear with the addition of a new rear plate (for Tamiya only). I am surprised this wasn't offered for the HB conversion because one of the drawbacks of the HB kits is that the rear grille only has 10 slats instead of the correct 11. It is possible to fit the Tamiya rear plate as the HB kit is basically a copy of the Tamiya kit.
We now turn our attention to the front hull where the frontal armour is added (for Tamiya only). New headlights are included which need brush guards. A resin former has been supplied so it is easy to bend the supplied brass into shape. The HB kit use flat etch for these, so this can be ditched. Photo-etch mud flaps are included which are best left until the end to avoid breakages.
The APU can simply be glued in place on the HB kit, replacing the poor kit item. Again, here are some comparison photos - AA in green and Hb in light grey.
However, care and time needs to be taken to cut the Tamiya hull to fit the same unit. It is not a daunting task with only two cuts required, some careful filing to fit, and the addition of tabs inside the hull to support the new resin casting.
A complete new suite of tools can now be added to the rear decking. The Danes use completely different tool clips to the familiar clips used by the Germans, and all of these have been faithfully reproduced. Any tool mountings on the existing kit decks have to be carefully removed, of course.
Now we turn to the turret, similar to the process with the APU, the new turret boxes can simply be replaced on the HB turret rear as they are a straight swap. However, the angled rear end of the Tamiya turret has to be cut off and a new blanking plate added, before the boxes can be added. The new boxes are dimensionally correct and they carry much better detail than the original HB items. One small drawback is that there should be a non-slip panel on the left side box – see photo. The same type of non-slip also has to be added to the turret roof anyway for strict accuracy, so it's best the modeller uses his favoured application for this so that they match.
Some nice etch grilles are supplied for the top and bottom of the air con unit. Individual track pads or grousers (or a mixture) can be added into the racks around the turret box edges.
New smoke launchers are provided which sit on new rails - six on the top and two below. What isn't made totally clear in the instructions is that the Danish launchers are at slightly different angles - see the photo here. The first five all point straight ahead, the last one on top sits at about 15 degrees, and the two underneath at about 25 degrees - roughly speaking.
The final part of the conversion concerns the detailing on the turret roof where new commander's sight is added along with the searchlight and its electrical conduit, the carbine box, two carbine mounts and the searchlight itself.
Two sheets of decals are included with serials for six individual machines plus some Fleur de Lis or Grim Reaper emblems and alternative tactical symbols which go on plates attached to the turret rear (also provided).
One drawback of both kits is that the road wheel tyres and idlers are too thin and neither of them have any detail of the inner faces, having horrible drums to contain polycaps instead. The good news is that replacements are available from Leopard Club
Details of the conversions can be found on the Accurate Armour
For Tamiya C101
Live links and For Hobby Boss C102
Photo reference for the vehicle can be found here:
Leopard Club Danish Leopards
Thomas Antonsen Danish Leopard Book