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Built Review
148
Gnome Monosoupape
The powerful Gnome
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by: Stephen T. Lawson [ JACKFLASH ]


Originally published on:
AeroScale

History
In 1913, Louis Seguin and his brother Laurent (engineers who founded the Société Des Moteurs Gnome [the Gnome motor company] in 1905) introduced the new Monosoupape (Mono-soo-pap) series, which eliminated the inlet valve, replacing it with piston-controlled transfer ports similar to those found in a two-stroke engine. . .The overhead valve exhausted directly into the slipstream since there was no exhaust manifold in order to save weight.

The charge was an overly rich mixture of air, which was acquired through the hollow crankshaft, and fuel that was continuously injected by a fuel nozzle on the end of a fuel line. . .

On the early B 2 100hp version the single park plug was installed horizontally into the rear of the cylinder at the top. But had no connecting high-voltage wire. The stationary magneto mounted on the firewall, whose high-voltage output terminal was in close proximity to the spark plug terminals as they passed by. This arrangement eliminated the need for points, distributor, high-voltage wiring and capacitors found in conventional mechanically timed ignition systems. But this necessitated use with tractor design with a firewall behind the motor. Pusher aircraft had none, so a type with external wiring leads had to be developed. . . On later B, M and N types the Monosoupape the spark plugs were connected to high voltage wiring.

The Monosoupape had no carburetor or throttle, and since most of its air supply was taken in through the inlet /exhaust valve, it could not be controlled by adjusting the air supply to the crankcase like other rotaries. Early Monosoupape had a single petrol regulating control used for a limited degree of speed regulation. In early examples, engine speed could be controlled by varying the opening time and extent of the exhaust valves using levers acting on the valve tappet rollers, but this was later abandoned as it caused burning of the valves. Instead, a blip switch was developed.

The Copper State Models Ltd, 1/48 resin Gnome Monosoupape
Is a good representation of the late “B 2” used on pusher type aircraft. It could physically pass for the tractor type “N” if you added a second spark plug. To pull off a tractor early type “B 2” you would have to move the single sparkplug 15 degrees back toward the rear face of the cylinder. About the 4-5 O'clock position when viewed from above. (Remember no wiring for this version). I can highly recommend this resin motor.

applications
The complete list of allied aircraft that used this engine is extensive. Here are some of them.
Avro 504
Airco DH.2
Airco DH.5
Alcock Scout
BAT Bantam
Blackburn Scout
Blackburn T.B
Blackburn Triplane
Bristol-Coanda T.B.8
Bristol Scout
Coventry Ordnance Works Biplane No 2
F.B.A. C Flying boat
Nieuport 12
Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.8
Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8
Short S.70
Short S.80
Short Type C
Sopwith Circuit Seaplane
Sopwith Gunbus
Sopwith Tabloid
Sopwith Sociable
Sopwith (Admiralty Type ) 807 Folder Seaplane
Sopwith Two-Seat Scout
Sopwith Schneider
Sopwith Pup
Vickers Gunbus (FB.2, 3, 5, 6 and 7)
Vickers E.S.1 Bullet
Vickers F.B.12
Vickers F.B 19 Bullet

Methods of payment are listed on their website copperstatemodels.com . At this time you must contact them through their website for prices and delivery schedules.

Please remember, when contacting retailers or manufacturers, to mention that you saw their products highlighted here - on AEROSCALE
SUMMARY
Highs: Clean details, easy assembly.
Lows: Completed images on website would help.
Verdict: Though French in design there are beau Coup BEF applications. Well worth having as a replacement for generic kit engines.
Percentage Rating
94%
  Scale: 1:48
  Mfg. ID: # A 48-200
  Suggested Retail: Must contact manufacturer
  Related Link: Website
  PUBLISHED: Dec 06, 2014
  NATIONALITY: France
NETWORK-WIDE AVERAGE RATINGS
  THIS REVIEWER: 90.97%
  MAKER/PUBLISHER: 94.57%

Our Thanks to Copper State Models Ltd!
This item was provided by them for the purpose of having it reviewed on this KitMaker Network site. If you would like your kit, book, or product reviewed, please contact us.
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About Stephen T. Lawson (JackFlash)
FROM: COLORADO, UNITED STATES

I was building Off topic jet age kits at the age of 7. I remember building my first WWI kit way back in 1964-5 at the age of 8-9. Hundreds of 1/72 scale Revell and Airfix kits later my eyes started to change and I wanted to do more detail. With the advent of DML / Dragon and Eduard I sold off my ...

Copyright ©2017 text by Stephen T. Lawson [ JACKFLASH ]. All rights reserved.


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